One of the key components of State Investment “Livestock and Pasture Development Project-II” (Project) is improvement of pasture conditions in Project targeted districts.
In this regard, the State Enterprise “Project Management Unit “Livestock and Pasture Development” (PMU) through its qualified specialists has conducted a number of workshops and trainings among the members of the Pasture Users Unions (PUU) in targeted region. One of the simplest and economic methods to rehabilitate or prevent pasture from degradation and erosion is to use pastures through a certain system and prevent grazing of pastures until the seedling of pasture grasses. By using this method, the rural population will be able to keep safe the pasture lands from degradation, furthermore increase the pasture productivity without any additional expense.
To explain to rural community this rehabilitation method the demonstration plot in 1 ha of pasture was created and fenced in PUU “Darnaychi” of Vose district, which had been almost completely degraded by overgrazing. In a part of this fenced area, 0.01 ha was cultivated with alfalfa, 0,02 ha with sainfoin and 0,01 ha with saxaul with a view to improving the pasture productivity. It should be noted that this pasture land is located near the village that has been used during the entire season, and palatable grasses had not any growing opportunity and been almost fully disappeared. After the year of demonstration plot, it is possible to see the restoration of natural grasses in this area. Pasture land today differs from the surrounding landscape and the growth of grasses is improving.
Over the years, the density of vegetation has increased in this area, thus the pasture land can be resistant to any environmental damage.
This is a visual experience for the population, and the farmers have separated pastures into sites and are implementing pasture rotation plan to graze with a certain system.
Furthermore the PMU has organized 22 demonstration plots in 22 PUUs of Project targeted districts in the area of 22 hectares.
STATE ENTERPRISE “PROJECT MANAGEMENT UNIT “LIVESTOCK AND PASTURE DEVELOPMENT”Rudaki avenue 44, Dushanbe, Tajikistan. Tel/fax: (+992 37) 221-69-56 E-mail: email@example.com